Symptoms of Covid-19 and How to Prevent Transmission?

What are the Symptoms of Covid-19 and How to Prevent Transmission? Every person with COVID-19 does not always show the same symptoms and signs, everyone can have different symptoms and signs they experience. To be sure, check with the nearest health facility if you feel any of the following symptoms:

Symptoms of Covid-19
Symptoms of Covid-19 you need to know

  • Fever >380Celsius.
  • Dry cough, stuffy nose,
  • Feeling exhausted, tired and lethargic
  • Headache
  • Body aches, muscle pain
  • Impaired sense of smell/taste
  • Diarrhea
  • Hard to breathe
  • Sore throat,

Vaccines for COVID-19 have been given to the main target groups such as health workers, public officers (community services) and the elderly, but the vaccination coverage until May 31, 2021 is only 27 million, and as of July 4, 2021 the achievement of the first vaccine is 32 million (79 ,47% of the target) and the achievement of the second vaccine was 13.9 million (34.65% of the target). This is still being given to the community so that more people will have immunity to the Corona virus.

How to prevent the transmission of covid-19?

COVID-19 is highly contagious from infected people who show or do not show symptoms to other healthy people. COVID-19 transmission can occur anywhere, namely at home, in public places, in the office, in places of worship, on campuses/schools, on the road or in hospitals/health centers.

But don't worry, because actually COVID-19 can be prevented from spreading. Efforts to prevent COVID-19 must be carried out according to health protocols both at home, at the office, on campus, at the market and others. In order to avoid COVID-19, it is necessary to do prevention with 5M, namely wearing masks, washing hands, maintaining distance, staying away from crowds and reducing mobility.

Wearing a Mask

If you are forced to do activities outside the home, you are required to wear a mask, both for healthy groups and those who have been tested positive for COVID-19 (both symptomatic and asymptomatic). Those who are sick with COVID-19 or their family members must always wear masks both inside and outside the house. Medical masks are still better than cloth masks, which are three times more effective at preventing transmission of the Corona virus than cloth masks.

In various considerations, especially economic reasons and also the consideration of the accumulation of medical mask waste, cloth masks are the last alternative. Cloth masks must be 2-3 layers to effectively filter the virus. Change the mask every 4 hours and replace it with a clean cloth mask. Separate the storage of clean and dirty masks in different places.

Washing Hands Using Running Water and Soap

Wash your hands as often as possible for at least 20 seconds, because washing your hands with soap and running water has also been shown to be effective in killing germs and viruses that stick to your hands. Washing hands should be done after leaving the house, when eating and drinking, after interacting with other people, after handling dirty utensils and possibly contaminated with viruses from droplets of COVID-19 sufferers.

Even at home, the habit of washing hands or using hand sanitizers must still be carried out regularly, especially after the hands are used to cover the mouth when coughing/cleaning, or after handling objects that are held by many people such as doorknobs, tables and chairs, and so on. -other.

Always Wearing a Mask and Always Washing Hands
Always Wearing a Mask and Always Washing Hands

In addition to washing hands with soap and running water or cleaning hands with hand sanitizer, maintaining hand hygiene can be done by avoiding or reducing holding objects or surfaces that may be contaminated with droplets with COVID-19 sufferers, especially when in places general.

Viruses can enter the body through the eyes, nose and mouth. Therefore wash your hands after or before handling the area. If a sick person holds his nose, eyes and nose, there is a possibility that his hands will be contaminated by the Corona Virus from the droplets and this will be able to infect other people if they do not immediately wash their hands with soap and running water or use a hand sanitizer.

Likewise, healthy people who will touch their eyes, mouth and nose must make sure their hands are sterile or not contaminated by the Corona virus, so they must wash their hands first before touching the face area.

Maintain distance (social distancing)

If you have to do activities outside the home or have to meet other people, keep a distance of at least 1.5 – 2 meters from other people. Keeping distance has been proven to be one way to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.

Always Maintain a Distance of 1.5 – 2 Meters
Always Maintain a Distance of 1.5 – 2 Meters

In order not to be close to other people, avoid or reduce traveling to places crowded with people, including arranging for work, study and worship from home, children not playing outside the house or on playgrounds, not traveling in crowded places, and not or reducing receive guests.

Stay away from crowds

Everyone can be a carrier (carrier) of the Corona virus even without symptoms, for that to avoid transmission of COVID-19, stay away from crowds when outside the house and avoid making direct contact with many people. The more and more people you meet, the more likely you are to be exposed to and infected with COVID-19. Avoiding crowds is also beneficial for avoiding vulnerable people such as the elderly and people with comorbidities.

A person is said to be a carrier of the Corona virus if there is a Corona virus in his body (already infected) but does not show clinical symptoms and signs, but still has the potential to transmit the Corona virus to other people around him.

Avoid Crowds and Reduce Mobility During the COVID-19 Pandemic

In the crowd, it is not known who is infected with COVID-19, especially if there are no symptoms. Carriers (people who are infected but without symptoms) have the same potential for transmission as people with COVID-19 who are symptomatic. However, preventing transmission from COVID-19 sufferers with symptoms is easier because it is clear who is sick and what the symptoms are.

Reduced Mobility

Reducing mobility is reducing the movement of people from one place to another. The higher the mobility, the higher the possibility of interacting or meeting other people and the higher the possibility of transmitting COVID-19 to other vulnerable people and also increasing the possibility of contracting COVID-19 from other people who are sick.

It has also been proven that there is a relationship between population mobility and the addition of positive cases of COVID-19, as well as it has been proven that if the mobility of the population is high at one time, the higher the addition of positive cases of COVID-19 and vice versa.

If there is no urgent need, then reduce activities / activities outside the home or outside the area, and keep doing activities from home. Especially for vulnerable groups such as toddlers, pregnant women, the elderly and those who are temporarily sick, they are advised to stay at home. As for the productive group, even if they are forced to do activities outside the home, they must still follow the COVID-19 health protocol.

To support the prevention of 5 ways, it is also necessary to apply a healthy lifestyle by getting enough exercise and eating nutritious food.

Exercise regularly and get enough rest

The body does not only need nutritious food, but the body also needs exercise, enough rest and sleep to maintain its fitness. Exercise can be done both indoors and outdoors, but it is best during this COVID-19 pandemic to be done indoors or outdoors but in a place that is not crowded and crowded with people.

Rest and sleep should be 8 hours a day, because this will provide benefits such as: the body becomes healthier, relieves pain, reduces the risk of injury, improves mood, controls weight, improves memory and thinking power, and boosts the immune system. .

Balanced Nutrition

Balanced nutrition is the composition of daily intake with the type and amount of nutrients in accordance with the needs of the body. One way to prevent being healthy and not getting sick due to Corona virus infection is to increase immunity or immunity.

This immunity can be obtained with sufficient exercise, enough rest and consuming nutritious food. If the immune system is good, it will not get sick easily even though there are sick seeds that attack. To maintain health and immunity, we need to eat nutritious foods that contain balanced nutrition.

Avoid and Control Stress.

Stress can have an impact on lowering the body's resistance to disease, which causes a decrease in the ability of the body's cells in charge of fighting disease so that the body becomes sick easily or when it is sick, the body becomes more ready to heal or takes longer to recover.

For this reason, so that the body is not easily attacked by COVID-19, as much as possible avoid stress and control existing stress so that it does not have an impact on decreasing the body's resistance against COVID-19.

If there are family members who are infected with COVID-19 or themselves who are infected with COVID-19, then be calm, while still implementing the health protocol and seeking treatment at the hospital. By being calm, the body's immunity (immunity) does not decrease so that the symptoms become no more severe and can be cured immediately.

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