What is Covid-19 and How is it Transmitted?

COVID-19 is a disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 type of Corona virus that can be transmitted from people infected with this virus to other healthy people. This disease can attack anyone whose body is susceptible. COVID-19 first appeared in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, but now COVID-19 is not only a problem for China but has become a world problem and has become a global pandemic.

Covid-19 and How is it Transmitted

As of June 14, 2021, 222 countries in the world have been infected with COVID-19 with a total of 176,797,195 cases and 3,821,040 deaths. Conditions continue to change rapidly, Covid-19 cases are increasing every day, where until July 4, 2021 cases have reached 184,243,392 cases in the world with 3,987,407 deaths.

This condition shows that the transmission of the Corona Virus is very fast and the various efforts made have not been effective in suppressing the increase in cases. For this reason, the participation of all parties, including the government, the private sector, the community and individuals, is needed to work together in preventing the transmission and handling of COVID-19 cases.

The increase in COVID-19 cases is also inseparable due to the presence of new variants of the Corona virus originating from several such as Alpha (B.1.1.7) and Eta (B.1.525) variants from the UK; Beta variant (B.1.351) from South Africa; Delta (B.1.617.2) and Kappa (B.1.617.1) variants from India; Gamma (P.1) and Zeta (P.2) variants from Brazil; Epsilon (B.1.427/B.1.429) and Lota (B.1.526) variants from the United States; and Variant Theta (P.3) from the Philippines; This variant is estimated to be more dangerous and spreads faster, so it is predicted that it will cause a very high spike in cases in certain countries and globally in other countries.

Who Can Attack Covid-19?

COVID-19 can attack anyone, young or old, male or female, rich or poor, especially people with low immunity so that their bodies are vulnerable to various infectious diseases including COVID-19.

For this reason, in order not to be exposed to COVID-19, increase endurance and don't panic in the face of the COVID-19 outbreak and need openness and communication with families and related parties so that contact prevention can be carried out with patients or tracking of people who have been in contact with patients so that can stop the spread of the Corona virus to others. As many as 98% of COVID-19 sufferers recover if they always comply with health protocols and undergo treatment according to doctor's or health workers' recommendations.

COVID-19 will only be able to cause death under certain conditions, such as being elderly, having a low immune system due to malnutrition or having comorbidities in the body.

In America, it is reported that 94% of deaths due to COVID-19 are caused by comorbidities that can worsen the condition of COVID-19 sufferers to the point of death. These comorbid diseases include Diabetes Mellitus, autoimmune diseases, kidney disease, coronary heart disease, hypertension, tuberculosis, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), obesity and tumors and cancer.

How Is COVID-19 Transmitted?

Many people are infected by this Corona Virus, but not all those who are infected show symptoms and not everyone ends up showing severe/severe symptoms. Most people infected with COVID-19 recover and only a small proportion die if they don't get proper care. This depends on a person's resistance to the Corona virus. For this reason, it is important here to take measures to prevent the transmission of COVID-19, where COVID-19 can be transmitted in the following ways:

  • Droplets. Droplets (splashes of saliva when coughing / talking / sneezing) from people who are positive for COVID-19 can be transmitted to those around them.
  • Close contact. A person who is positive for COVID-19 can transmit it to people who are in close contact with him, for example when kissing hands, shaking hands, hugging, kissing cheeks, and sitting without a distance.
  • Touching the surface of a contaminated object. The virus that causes COVID-19 (Coronavirus) can survive on the surface of inanimate objects for hours, so that the virus can be transmitted to other people who touch the surface.

Thus brief information about the meaning of covid-19, who can be attacked and how it is transmitted. By knowing the basics of that understanding, it makes us alert and careful with covid-19.

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