What are the 3 definitions of health and what are the correct dimensions of wellness? On this occasion, we will explain about the notion of health and the dimensions of health which are the benchmarks of a person's health condition.
What Is Healthy?
The term healthy in everyday life is often used to indicate that something can work normally. Even inanimate objects such as motorized vehicles or machines, if they can function normally, the owner often says that the vehicle is in good health.
Most people say it is healthy if the body feels fresh and comfortable. Even a doctor will declare the patient healthy when according to the results of the examination he / she does get the patient's entire body functioning normally.
However, the true meaning of health is not the case. The definition of healthy according to the Basic Health Law no. 9 of 1960, Chapter I Article 2 is a condition that includes physical (physical), spiritual (mental) and social health, and is not only free from illness, disability and weakness.
The definition of health is in line with the definition of health according to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1975 as follows: Health is a condition that is free from all types of diseases, both physical, mental and social.
The health limitation mentioned above has now been updated if the previous health limitation only covers three dimensions or aspects, namely: physical, mental, and social, then in Law N0. 23 of 1992, health includes 4 aspects, namely: physical (body), mental (soul), social, and economic. These health limits are inspired by the most recent WHO health limits.
4 Dimensions of Wellness
The current definition of health is indeed broader and more dynamic than the previous limitations. This means that a person's health is not only measured from physical, mental, and social aspects, but also by his productivity in terms of having a job or producing something economically. For those who have not entered the world of work, children and adolescents, or for those who are not working (retired) or elderly people, the meaning of being socially productive applies.
For example socio-economic productive for school students or students is achieving good achievement, being productive socio-economically for the elderly or retirees is having social and religious activities that are beneficial, not only for themselves, but also for other people or society.
The four dimensions of health influence each other in realizing the health level of a person, group or community. That is why health is comprehensive and contains four aspects.
3 Definitions of Health
The manifestation of each of these aspects in one's health are as follows:
Physical health is manifested when someone does not feel and complain of pain or there is no complaint and objectively does not appear sick. All organs of the body are functioning normally or are not experiencing mental health disorders. Mental health includes 3 components, namely mental, emotional, and spiritual.
- Healthy thoughts are reflected in the way of thinking or way of thinking.
- Emotional health is reflected in a person's ability to express his emotions, for example fear, joy, worry, sadness and so on.
- Spiritual health is reflected in the way a person expresses gratitude, praise, trust and so on towards something outside this mortal realm, namely God Almighty (Allah SWT in Islam). For insteance healthy spirit can be saw from religion practice of one. In other words, spiritual health is a condition in which a person practices worship and all the religious rules he adheres to.
|Children who are active and have high achievement are one of the fourth aspects of health, which is economic in the productive sense|
Social health is realized when a person is able to relate to other people or other groups in a good manner, regardless of race, ethnicity, religion or belief, social status, economy, politics, and so on, as well as mutual tolerance and respect.
Health from an economic aspect can be seen if a person (adult) is productive, in the sense that he has activities that produce something that can support his own life or his family financially. For those who are minors (students or college students) and elderly people (retirees), this limit does not automatically apply. Therefore, for this group, what applies is socially productive, that is, having activities that are useful for their later life, such as achievement for students or college students, and social, religious, or other social services for the elderly.
Thus the literature on the 3 definitions of health and 4 dimensions of wellness in a concise, concise and clear manner. Hopefully it can be a reference material regarding the understanding of health and the dimensions of human health as a whole.