Creating USB Bootable Flash Disk Drive Using Rufus

What is Bootable? Bootable is a facility or service that is available on every Operating System, which facility is placed on storage media, such as Flash disk drive, CD / DVD, or other storage media. Maybe all this time we think that what is called Bootable is a Flash disk drive in which there is an Operating System, but the FALSE is false, because what is called bootable is the storage media in which there is an Operating System. So it's not just CD / DVD, but all storage media can also be called Bootable as long as there is an Operating System in it, such as a Flash disk drive, and so on.

Why does it say Bootable?

Named Bootable because every operating system will definitely do the first boot through storage media, such as Flash disk drive, Diskette, Hard disk drive (HDD), CD / DVD-ROM, and so on. For example when we do the BIOS settings when going to Install an Operating System with Flash disk drive, we must determine the Storage Media in the form of a flash which will be used first (first boot) later.

Bootable Usability

  • For operating system installation
  • Data cleaning
  • Data Recovery
  • Troubleshooting (hardware) hardware and software / software. For demonstration
  • Administrative access software in case the password is lost with a boot that matches the particular operating system.
  • Change the operating environment
Material which must be prepared for making USB Bootable Flash Disk Drive:

1. Flash disk drive
2. Rufus Application
3. Operating System Software in ISO format (Example Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10 or etc)

What is RUFUS?

Rufus is an application made by Pete Batard which has been around since 2011. There are two versions of Rufus that you can download, the installer and portable with a fairly small file size for a desktop application that is only 1 MB. There are also 32 bit and 64 bit architectures, so you can choose according to the OS that is running on your PC / laptop.

The main function of Rufus is to format and make USB flash devices bootable, such as flash drives, memory cards, etc. This application is licensed by GNU GPL V3, so you can download it for free on the official website rufus

Use of Rufus:
  • Make the flash or other storage media bootable.
  • Create a USB installation media from a bootable ISO (Windows, Linux, UEFI, etc.)
  • Works on systems that don't have an OS installed
  • Flash the BIOS or other firmware from DOS. DOS mode itself is useful for many things, one of which is to upgrade the BIOS.
  • Useful for running low-level utilities

Step by step how to Make USB Bootable Flash Disk Drive with Rufus:

  • After completing downloading the Rufus application, please install it as usual, especially for portable ones, just double-click the downloaded Rufus file.
  • Run the Rufus application then enter the flash disk drive that you want to make bootable. It is recommended to use a flash capacity of 8 GB or greater.
  • The next step Rufus will automatically detect information from the flash drive that you are using such as capacity, volume label, and so on.
  • If the flash drive you enter is not detected, do not rush to replace it. Please click on the arrow icon show advanced drive properties, several additional options will appear below it. Check the 'List USB Hard Drives' option
  • Then click the SELECT button, then please enter the folder where the ISO operating system file is stored. In this tutorial I use an ISO file Windows 10, select the file then click open
  • In this step, you need to set the Boot Selection. But the application will automatically display the operating system version that you added earlier. For the Partition scheme, please select the MBR and in the Target system section become the BIOS (or UEFI-CSM).
select iso image files
  • In the Format Option section, please name the Volume Label according to taste. Then set the File system to NTFS then Show advanced format options then check Quick Format and create extended label and icon files as shown next to this.
  • Before you click the start button, I recommend that you first backup the data on the flash. If it's now click the Start button to start the bootable boot process.
  • After that a warning window will appear that will say that all files in our flash disk drive will be deleted. If you have already backed up you can immediately click OK to continue.
usb bootable flash disk drive configuration
  • In this step we are just waiting for the bootable creation process which may take 10 to 15 minutes. Depends on the size of the Windows ISO file and flash speed that we use. It is recommended to use a flash that already supports 3.0.
  • The last step, a green status will appear on the process bar along with the words Ready. This indicates that the flash bootable boot process is complete. Please press the close button and the flash is ready to use, don't forget to also flash the flash safely.
ready to create usb bootable flash disk drive
  • After the bootable flash drive is complete, then you can use it to reinstall Windows. Restart your PC / laptop then enter the BIOS settings menu to set the BIOS boot on your PC / laptop to first boot to the flash.
finishing usb bootable

That's the trick how to make a USB Bootable flash disk drive using Rufus. By using Rufus, you can easily create a Windows 10 bootable Flash disk drive or other Windows version using the tutorial and steps above.

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