How to determine the Nutritional Status of School Children

How do you know and determine a person's nutritional status? A person's nutritional status is closely related to one's nutritional adequacy. Nutrition adequacy can be determined by evaluating nutritional status.

Nutritional Status of School Children

Nutritional status is a measure of the condition of a person's body that can be seen from the food consumed and the use of nutrients in the body. (Almatsier, 2005). One way to do measurements of body weight and height according to age and gender. Nutritional status indicators used are body mass index according to age (BMI / Age) (table 1).

How to determine the nutritional Status  of school children?

The steps in determining the nutritional status of school children are:

1. Anthropometric measurements
  • Weight weighing
  • Measurement of height
2. Determination of nutritional status
  • Calculate BMI values, using the following formula:
          BMI =       body weight (kg)
                      Height (m) x height (m)
          BMI calculation results are rounded to one decimal place.
  • Comparing BMI values ​​with BMI / Age tables based on WHO 2005 standards. (Table 1)
  • Determine the nutritional status of children in the thin, normal, overweight and obese groups, according to the BMI / Age 
Table 1. Nutrition Status of School Children based on Index Standards
Body Mass According to Age (BMI) Age 7 - 12 Years
Boys / Men


AgeBody Mass Index (BMI)
YearsSkinny     Normal     FatObesity
7 13.1
<13 .1="" td="">
13.1 - 17.0 17.1 - 19.0  ›19.0
813.3
<13 .3="" td="">
13.3 - 17.4 17.5 - 19.7  ›19.7
9 13.5
<13 .5="" td="">
13.5 - 17.9 18.0 - 20.5  › 20.5
1013.7
<13 .7="" td="">
13.7 - 18.5 18.6 - 21.4  › 21.4
1114.1
<14 .1="" td="">
14.1 - 19.2 19.3 - 22.5  › 22.5
1214.5<14 .5="" td="">14.5 - 19.9 20.0 - 23.6  › 23.6

Girl/Female


AgeBody Mass Index (BMI)
YearsSkinnyNormal     FatObesity
7 12.712.7 - 17.7 17.8 - 20.5  › 20.5
812.912.9 - 18.3 18.4 - 21.4  › 21.4
913.113.1 - 19.0 19.1 - 22.5  › 22.5
1013.513.5 - 19.8 19.9 - 23.6  › 23.6
11‹ 13.9<13 .9="" td="">13.9 - 20.7 20.8 - 24.9  › 24.9
12‹ 14.4<14 .4="" td="">14.4 - 21.7 21.8 - 26.1  › 26.1

By using the formula for calculating the nutritional status above, please calculate for yourself whether the nutritional status of your child. Whether in a state of nutritional status thin, normal, fat or obese by comparing Body Mass Index with Age. Happy counting. And the most important thing is that after knowing the nutritional status of your child is a follow-up or follow-up treatment.

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