The following are 14 main messages to you as a guide for healthy living with healthy patterns and lifestyle.
- Women's and children's health can be significantly improved if the birth is at least two years between the birth of the last child and the beginning of the next pregnancy. Mother and child health will be more risky, if the pregnancy occurs under the age of 18 years, or above the age of 35 years. Men and women including teenagers must know the benefits of family planning so they can make the right choices.
- All pregnant women should visit a trained health worker to get a pregnancy and post-natal check-up, and all births must be assisted by a trained worker. All pregnant women and their families must know the signs of various problems during and after pregnancy, and know the various options for getting help. They also must have a plan and resources to get birth assistance by experts, and emergency help if needed.
- Children start learning from birth. They will grow and learn well, if they get attention, affection, and stimulation, in addition to good nutrition, and adequate health care. Encouraging boys and girls to jointly observe and express themselves, and playing and exploring really helps them to learn and develop, both socially, physically, emotionally and intellectually.
- Mother's milk alone is the best food and drink for babies up to the age of six months. After the age of six months, babies need additional nutritious food supplements, while continuing to provide breast milk until the age of 2 years or more.
- Malnutrition in pregnant women or in children under the age of 2 years can slow mental and physical development. Children need a balance of food intake which includes protein, energy, vitamins and various minerals such as iron and vitamin A, so that their development and health are well maintained. From birth to one year of age the child must be weighed every month, whereas for children one to two years must be weighed at least every three months. If a child appears to be underdeveloped, then the child must be examined immediately by a trained health worker.
- Every child aged 1-2 years must get a complete immunization package to protect them against various diseases that can cause growth retardation, disability, or death. All women of childbearing age, including adolescents, must be protected from tetanus for their own safety or the baby they will conceive later. In all, five doses of tetanus vaccine must be given for protection during his lifetime. For pregnant women who have not received five doses of tetanus vaccine, should get a booster.
- Children who have diarrhea must get the right amount of fluids - Breast Milk - and ORS solution. For children older than six months, it is necessary to add nutritious food and drinks. Zinc must be given to reduce body tissue damage due to diarrhea. If the diarrhea is mixed with blood, or too often and is very runny, then the child is in danger and must be immediately taken to a trained health worker for medical treatment.
- Most children who suffer from cough or flu will recover on their own. But if a child coughs and has a fever, breathes fast and is difficult, then he must immediately be taken to a trained health worker to get medical help.
- Many diseases can be prevented through clean living practices such as washing hands with soap and water (or replacements such as ash and water) after defecation or cleaning children who have just defecated, using clean toilets, throwing poop away from the environment a playground and water source, washing hands before preparing food, using clean water from a safe source, and boiling drinking water to boiling, and keeping food and drinking clean.
- Malaria, which is transmitted by mosquito bites is very dangerous. In malaria endemic areas one has to sleep using insecticide-treated mosquito nets. Children who have a fever should be examined by trained health workers to get treatment and be wiped with water at normal temperatures. Meanwhile pregnant women in malaria endemic areas should take anti-malaria pills as suggested by health workers.
- HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), a disease that can be prevented, treated but cannot be cured. HIV is transmitted through unprotected sex, with an HIV-infected person, and is transmitted through an HIV-infected pregnant mother to her baby, the child she is born with, or her breastfed child, or through blood with needles or other sharp objects who have been contaminated with HIV, through blood transfusions that have been contaminated with HIV. Providing counseling for all people about HIV, reducing the bad mark and discrimination must be included as part of communication, information and education about HIV prevention, testing and treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment for children and adults is an effort that can provide more assurance to live longer and healthier. Children and families infected with HIV must obtain access to child-friendly health services, as well as nutrition care and social welfare services. All people with HIV must know their rights. nutrition and social welfare services. All people with HIV must know their rights.
- Adolescent daughters and sons must equally receive protection in the family, school and community. If the environment does not protect, children will become more powerless against violence, drug use, sexual exploitation, trafficking in persons, child labor, dangerous practices, and discrimination. Living in the family, registering for a birth certificate, getting access to basic services, providing protection from violence, a friendly justice system for children based on children's rights, active involvement in developing knowledge and skills to protect themselves are the basis important for the creation of a protective environment so that later children can develop their potential.
- Many serious injuries that can result in disability, or death can be prevented if parents or caregivers watch their children carefully, keep the environment safe, and teach them how to prevent accidents and injuries.
- Families and communities must be prepared for emergencies. In natural disasters, conflicts, epidemics or pandemics, children and women must first receive attention, including basic health services, adequate nutrition, helping babies get breastfeeding, protection from violence, drug use and exploitation. Children must have the opportunity to do recreation, and study in safe schools, child-friendly schools and spaces that can give them a sense of normalcy and stability. Children must be cared for by their parents, or extended relatives so they feel safe.
Thus the 14 main messages that can be a guide to healthy living in your family.