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The Importance of Family Planning Services

Family planning services provide a married couple the knowledge and ability to plan when to start having children, how many children will be had, how many years of age between children, and when will stop giving birth. There are many choices of contraception that are safe, effective and acceptable for preventing pregnancy.

Trained health workers and health service facilities must provide information and advice to empower women to make decisions about family planning and help to choose family planning methods that are acceptable, safe, enjoyable, effective and affordable.

Family Planning

Trained health workers and health service facilities must also provide information to adolescent girls and boys about reproductive health and family planning services that (1) are sensitive to adolescents (2) encourage them to develop skills to maintain health and make decisions about responsible life.

Specific communication media to reach young women need to be developed to help them through counseling, contraception provision, pregnancy services, and post-birth.

The husband has an important role in preventing unplanned pregnancy, so it is important for the husband to get information and services related to reproductive health.

Adolescent boys and men have an important role to prevent unplanned pregnancy. It is very important for them to have access to various information and services related to sexual and reproductive health.

The higher the level of formal education of a young woman, she tends to choose a more stable method of family planning, delaying marriage and parenting, has better economic conditions, has fewer children and is healthier. Thus, getting children for school becomes very important for the health of mothers and children, in addition to other benefits of education.

Teenage sons and daughters need to gain knowledge about reproductive health about unwanted pregnancy including the dangers of abortion, as well as knowledge of dual protection of condoms as a contraceptive and a means of preventing sexually transmitted infections including HIV and AIDS. Among the many contraceptives, condoms are devices that can provide protection against pregnancy and infections transmitted through sex, including HIV.

In some countries, the number of deaths related to abortion among young girls is very high. Teenage girls, young mothers and their partners must get information about pregnancy prevention, and various other risks associated with abortion.

A mother who gives exclusive breastfeeding for six months, can delay the menstrual period so as to prevent pregnancy. Pregnancy delays can be fulfilled with the condition that the mother is not menstruating, the baby is less than six months and the baby is only breastfed without giving food or other drinks (Lactation Amenorrhea Method / MAL). The effectiveness of this family planning method is 98% equivalent to other methods of contraception.

Every man and woman of childbearing age has the right to obtain family planning information and services and is responsible for family planning. They need to know about the health benefits of family planning and the various options available.

The husband and wife, including young men and women, are responsible for preventing unplanned pregnancies, including getting access to information on various methods and benefits of family planning from trained health workers. Information about family planning can also be obtained from doctors, nurses, midwives, MCH clinics or family planning clinics, teachers, and youth / women's organizations.
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