Factors That Affect Someone's Nutrition Status

A person's nutritional status can be identified by knowing their body mass index. There are several factors that affect a person's nutritional status. The following are factors that affect one's nutritional status.

Environmental factor

Poor environment such as unclean drinking water, absence of sewerage sewage, not using good toilet, also high population density can cause the spread of pathogenic germs. The environment that has a certain climate is related to the types of plants that can live so it is related to the production of plants.

Environmental factor
Economic factors

In many economically underdeveloped countries, the majority of the population is shorter in size because of inadequate nutrition and generally low-income people have smaller body sizes.

Nutrition problems in poor countries related to food are about quantity and quality. Quantity indicates the supply of food that is not sufficient energy needs for the body. Quality is related to the body's need for special nutrients needed for growth, tissue repair, and maintenance of the body with all its functions.

Socio-Culture Factors

Indicators of nutrition problems from a socio-cultue perspective include family stability with a measure of frequency of marriage-divorce, children born in unstable family environments will be very vulnerable to malnutrition. Also demographic indicators include the composition and pattern of population activities, such as increasing population, urbanization rate, number of family members, and birth spacing.

Education level is also included in this factor. The level of education is related to nutritional status because with increasing one's education, it is likely to increase income so as to increase the purchasing power of food.

Biological / Hereditary Factors

The inherited trait holds the key to the ultimate measure that can be achieved by a child. Nutritional state largely determines the ability to achieve the size determined by the inheritance of these traits. In developing countries showing improved nutrition in recent years has resulted in clear changes in height.

Religious Factors

Religion or belief also plays a role in the nutritional status of the community, for example such as the taboo of consuming certain foods by certain age groups that actually these foods are actually nutritious and needed by these age groups. Like pregnant women who are taboo eating fish.

Of the four factors that influence a person's nutritional status, economic factors are the most dominant among the other factors.