Balanced nutrition is a daily food composition that contains nutrients in the type and amount that is in accordance with the body's needs namely gender, age and health status. Balanced nutrition for school children is fulfilled every day with a variety of foods. Changes in body composition and increased physical activity of school children require balanced nutrition. In general, a balanced diet with an energy composition of 50% - 65% carbohydrates, 10% - 20% protein, and 20% - 30% fat.
In addition to balanced nutrition, in children, good parenting will also have a good effect on nutritional status. Good parenting will pay attention to adequate intake of nutrients and prevention of disease. Furthermore, parenting, nutritional intake and incidence of infectious diseases are strongly influenced by the root of the problem, which includes social, economic and cultural factors.
On the other hand, advances in food science and technology, accompanied by rapid progress in the field of information and communication technology, have led the public to consume a variety of excessive prepared foods that will negatively affect health.
Some Tips, Tricks on Balanced Nutritional for School Children
Consumption of food with a balanced nutritional pattern must pay attention to four basic principles, namely food diversity, regular and measured physical activity, personal hygiene and the environment that is maintained, and monitor or maintain an ideal body weight. Another more comprehensive approach is to use 4 pillars, namely:
Eat a wide variety.
The importance of eating varies, because there is no one type of food that contains all kinds of nutrients needed by school children. In one day you should consume foods that contain energy sources, builders and regulators.
Conduct clean and healthy behavior.
The application of clean living principles and habits is very important to realize balanced nutrition. Unclean living habits, among others, will be the risk of infectious diseases which is one of the most important factors and influences the nutritional status. To support a clean and healthy lifestyle, a Clean and Healthy Behavior program has been prepared with the following indicators, namely:
- Wash your hands with running water and soap
- Eating healthy snacks in the school canteen
- Using a clean and healthy latrine
- Exercise regularly and measured
- Eradicate mosquito larvae
- Don't smoke
- Weigh weight and measure every height 6 months
- Disposing of trash in its place
- Do physical activity.
Physical activity is any body movement that can increase energy expenditure / energy and burning energy. Physical activity can stimulate the development of muscles so that it affects optimal growth. Gross motor movements performed at the age of growth are very many benefits, including making the body become more flexible, muscles and bones stronger and maintain fitness. Physical activity that is often done in children aged 7-12 years is playing and sports, such as jumping rope, hide and seek, soccer, badminton, cycling and jogging.
Physical activity is considered sufficient if a child is doing physical exercise or sports for 30 minutes every day or at least 3-5 days a week.
Ideal body weight monitor.
Ideal body weight monitor.
One indicator that shows the balance of nutrients in the body is the ideal BB. Therefore, it is necessary to get used to weighing regularly. Ideal BB monitoring is something that must be part of the 'Lifestyle' with 'Balanced Nutrition'. Comparison of Body Weight (Body Weight) with Height (TB) is known as Body Mass Index (BMI). If the BMI is below normal, it indicates that the child is thin so it is necessary to increase the nutritional intake of food. Conversely, if the BMI shows above normal numbers, indicating that the child is overweight or obese, it is better to reduce food sources of fat and carbohydrates. Following a healthy lifestyle to prevent
- Consumption of fruits and vegetables more than 5 servings per day
- Reducing sweet foods and drinks
- Reducing fatty and fried foods
- Reduce eating out
- Get into the habit of having breakfast and bringing food to
- Get used to eating with family at least 1 time a day
- Eat according to the time
- Limit watching television, playing computer, video
games less than 2 hours / day
- Does not provide television in children's rooms
- Increase physical activity at least 1 hour / day
- Involving families to improve their lifestyle prevention of over nutrition
- The ideal weight loss target.
With messages and tips and tricks for fulfilling balanced nutrition in school children with the aim that they are met nutritional needs in accordance with what they should get.