Fire Hazards Protection in Computer Laboratory

Fire hazards in the computer lab is one thing that can be avoided and controlled. Here are tips how to control and prevent fire hazards in the computer laboratory.

The flammable materials

Fire is actually not a process that happens suddenly. In general fire occurred when filled with elements of the cause, they are: fuel, air / oxygen, and sources of ignition.

Fire Classification
Fire can be classified into five categories
  • Group A: derived from solid materials, such as coal, wood, paper, and solid waste. Rapid fire events resulting volatile compounds due to the heat.
  • Group B: from the gas and liquid to produce steam.
  • Group C: derived from electrical devices or adjacent to the source or means by which charged or electric power.
  • Group D: derived from metals, such as magnesium, aluminum, titanium, sodium and metal that is easily oxidized. Combustion temperature and the energy produced is very high compared to other groups.
  • Special classes, namely a fire caused by an oxidizer or fuel mixture, for example compounds or flammable materials due to contact with the oxygen, hydrogen peroxide, and so forth.
The primary cause of fire 

The main causes of fires include:
  • Heating which not appropriate, that when flammable substance heated that is not as it should be, is not careful wear oil bath, and did not check the oil temperature regularly.
  • The spread of steam and gases are flammable, for example, didn’t cool down a good one at the distillery, there is leakage of substances, reactions that need to be done in the hood / special room, poured a large number of substances flammable, careless / liquid volatile spilling, or poor ventilation space.
  • Any breach of containers / substance bottles of flammable are heated above the metal.
  • Negligence use of gas and electricity, for example, a gas leak and the emergence of electric sparks because of the short circuit.
  • Personal less aware / less cautious, such as smoking, throw matches, and so on.
Fire prevention. 

Fire prevention, among others:
  • Storing materials flammable in a safe place out of sources of ignition.
  • Flammable materials such as paper should not be stored in the server room;
  • Former let garbage placed outside from the server room.
  • All of the necessary computer tools is turned off when not in use
  • Use appropriate container for storing or pouring a flammable liquid materials.
  • Do not let rubbish (eg paper unused) piled up and burned it in a haphazard.
  • All of the exit doors free from materials that burn easily.
  • Make sure that the wiring and electrical equipment is not damaged.
  • Do not overload electrical circuits.
  • Make the rules and regulations of fire danger warnings and all personal should obey.
  • Try provided fire fighting equipment are most appropriate, and ensure the placement is right and good, for example: reachable, easily visible, exact distance, unlocked, not empty.
  • Avoid bad habits and not in place, particularly in the laboratory; do not smoke and placing a heater around the flammable materials.

Firefighters must be adapted with fire class.
  • Water. Water used to extinguish the fire class A, does not correspond to other fire groups.
  • CO2. CO2 gas is used to extinguish the fire class B and C, especially for fire caused by the fire involving electrical and optical equipment.
  • Dry powder. Dry powder (usually sodium bicarbonate) is used for fire suppression class A, B, and C. Noteworthy is that the dry powder can damage electrical and optical equipment.
  • Fire halon. Halon (a mixture of carbon and halogen gas), used for extinguishing the fire class C, particularly for the installation of a computer or the instrumentation, because the material does not damage the circuits on the instrument. Compounds metal fire, used for fire fighting group D. This mixture contains sand, Ash soda, graphite and plastic granules.
Protection fire hazards in the computer laboratory is a very important thing to do, because the computer laboratory is a resource that many spend the funds as well as being an important means of learning for all levels.

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