The purpose and scope of environmental health can be divided into two, in general and in particular. The purpose and scope in general, among others:
- Make corrections or revisions to any dangers and threats to the health and welfare of human life.
- Do prevention by managing environmental resources in an effort to improve the health and welfare of human life.
- Cooperate and implement an integrated program between the public and government institutions and non-governmental institutions in the face of natural disasters or outbreaks of infectious diseases.
The purpose and scope typically include efforts to improve or control over the human environment, some of which include:
- Sufficient water supply and meet health requirements.
- Food and drinks are produced on a large scale and widely consumed by the public.
- Air pollution due to combustion of fuel, coal, forest fires, and the toxic gases that are harmful to health and other living things, and be the cause of changes in the ecosystem.
- Liquid and solid wastes originating from households, agriculture, animal husbandry, industry, hospitals, and others.
- Control of arthropod and rodent who becomes a vector of disease and how to break the chain of transmission of the disease.
- Housing and building habitable and meet health requirements.
- Noise, radiation and health.
- Sanitary survey for planning, monitoring, and evaluation of environmental health programs.
The purpose and scope of environmental health so much will be accomplished well if all the perpetrators of environmental health and relevant stakeholders can act in accordance with their respective roles in an optimal and maximum.