Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death among children after pneumonia. An estimated 4 billion cases of diarrhea occur each year in children under five worldwide. Each year 1.5 million children under five die from diarrhea. Diarrhea brought death more rapidly in children than adults because of dehydration and malnutrition.
Diarrhea caused by bacteria are ingested, mainly from human waste (feces). This occurs because of unsafe excreta disposal, lack of cleanliness and lack of clean drinking water supplies for children who are not breast-fed.
Children who were breastfed exclusively in the first six months and immunized on time less frequently with diarrhea.
Children with diarrhea should be given plenty of fluids and food in addition to a special solution called Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) and zinc to reduce the gravity of the disease.
Families and communities with the support of government and private sector to increase public awareness by providing information on:
- The cause of diarrhea
- The importance of giving treatment at the start of diarrhea
- The importance of precautions against conditions that cause diarrhea
If every person to cooperate in the prevention of diarrhea, the child's right to life, survival and health and development will be better.
What should be known by the family and the community about Diarrhea
- Diarrhea caused the death of a child, because of the discharge of the body so that the body lacks fluids (dehydration). Immediately after the diarrhea, give your child extra fluids along with regular foods and beverages.
- A child's life is threatened when a lot of discharge in an hour or stools containing blood. Take it immediately to a health worker.
- Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months and continued breastfeeding after six months can reduce the risk of diarrhea. Vitamin A and zinc medications may reduce the risk of diarrhea.
- Children with diarrhea should still be fed as usual. When it recovered the child should be fed more to restore energy and nutrients lost due to illness.
- Children with diarrhea should be given Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) and zinc medication every day for 10-14 days. Anti-diarrhea medication is usually ineffective and can be dangerous.
- To prevent diarrhea, all feces, including stool of infants and children should be thrown into latrines. For those who do not have latrines, feces should be buried.
- Clean living habits and potable drinking water can prevent diarrhea. Hands should be washed with soap and running water after defecation, contact with feces, before touching and provide food for children.