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The Chart of Child Development Stages by Age

The following chart to help parents understand how children development. Each stage is part of the ongoing development process, developed based on the previous stage and affecting to the next stage.

At the age of 0-4 MONTHS
At the age of one month baby can:
  • Staring into the mother.
  • Removing the sound o .. o..o ..
  • Smile.
  • Move the hands and feet.

At the age of three months babies can:
  • Lifting the head upright when his stomach.
  • Laughter.
  • Move the head to the left and right.
  • Replying to smile when spoken / smile.
  • Babbling spontaneous or react with babbling.

Advice for parents and caregivers:
  • Frequent cuddling and cradling the baby with affection.
  • Hang a brightly colored objects that move and can be seen the baby.
  • Take baby smiling and talking.
  • listened music on the baby.

Warning signs to watch out for:
  • Do not want to breast-feed or suction power is weak baby to breastfeed.
  • Movement of leg and arm slightly.
  • Do not react to sound or light although the light once.
  • Crying for a long time for no apparent reason.
  • Vomiting and diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration.
At the age of 4-6 MONTHS
At the age of six months a baby can:
  • Turning from his stomach to his back.
  • Maintaining the position of the head remains upright.
  • Grabbing objects exist nearby.
  • Simulate the sound.
  • Grasping toys.
  • Smile when looking at toys or pictures.

Advice for parents and caregivers:
  • Often prone baby.
  • Move the objects to the left and to the right in front of his eyes.
  • listened various sounds.
  • Give the big toys and colored objects.
  • Lay the baby on a clean surface layer, flat, and secure so that the baby can move freely to achieve various objects.
  • Continue habit to hold and hug the baby every day, and give affection and love.
  • Lap or hold the baby in a safe position so that he can see what is happening around them.
  • Continue breastfeeding either day or night, in accordance with the wishes of the baby, and start giving other foods (two to three meals in one day, starting from the age of six months, three to four times a day from the age of nine months).
  • Chat, read, or sing with your child as often as possible, not only when hungry or when going to bed.

Warning signs to watch out for:
  • Seizures or difficulty moving limbs.
  • The head moves continue (perhaps a symptom of an ear infection which can lead to deafness if not treated).
  • Respond very weak against sound, a familiar face or breastfeeding.
  • Refuse breastfeeding or other foods.

At the age of 6-12 MONTHS
Age 9 months babies can:
  • Propagating.
  • Say ma..ma..da..da..da.
  • Grabbing objects of beans.
  • Searching for objects or toys being dropped.
  • Playing applause or peekaboo.
  • Eat a cake or biscuit itself.

Age 12 months babies can:
  • Standing and running holding.
  • Holding small objects.
  • Emulating the simple words like ma..ma .. pa..pa ..
  • Know the family members.
  • Fear of the unknown.
  • Pointing what it wants without crying or whining.

Advice for parents and caregivers:
  • Teach your baby sit.
  • Encourage play peekaboo.
  • Teach holding and eating biscuits.
  • Teach holding a small object with two fingers.
  • Teach standing and walking with holding.
  • Invite speak as often as possible.
  • Train say ma..ma..pa..pa.
  • Give safe toys pounded.
  • Show some objects and say the name of these objects, play, talk and read to children as often as possible.
  • Use mealtime and other family activities to encourage interaction with the whole family.
  • bestows always affection to the child, and give good reaction at the time the child is happy or angry.
  • If a child progress has been slow or have a physical disability, then focus on the disability and provide extra stimulation and interaction.
  • Do not allow children to be in one position for several hours.
  • Provide a safe environment to prevent accidents, and avoid dangerous objects, such as sharp objects, plastic bags, and a variety of small objects that can be swallowed by children.
  • Continue breastfeeding and make sure children get enough food as well as various types of family meals.
  • Help your child recognize the use of a spoon and bowl meal.
  • Make sure that the child has obtained complete immunization and received a dose of nutritional supplements in accordance with the recommended.
  • Keep your child's hands stay clean and begin to teach children to wash their hands with soap.

Warning signs to watch out for:
  • Do not make a sound when reacting to others.
  • Do not pay attention to a variety of moving objects.
  • Not excited and did not care for the caregiver.
  • Loss of appetite or refusal to eat.

At the age of 1-2 YEARS

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Two years of age, a child should be able to:
  • Go up the stairs and ran.
  • Doodling pencil on paper.
  • to appoint one or more parts of his body.
  • Calling 3-6 words that have meaning, such as balls, plates and so on.
  • Holding the cup itself.
  • Learning to eat and drink alone.

Advice for parents and caregivers:
  • Teach walking on steps or stairs.
  • Bring clean the table and sweep.
  • Bring up toys.
  • Teach scribbling on paper.
  • Teach mention body parts.
  • Read the story of a child.
  • Invite singing.
  • Invite play.
  • Give praise when he managed to do something.

Warning signs to watch out for:
  • Lack of care to others.
  • Difficulty maintaining balance when walking.
  • Experiencing injuries and various changes in the behavior of the elusive (especially after the child has been cared for by others).
  • Loss of appetite.

At the age of 2-3 YEARS
Advice for parents and caregivers:
  • Pedaling a tricycle.
  • Stand on one foot without holding.
  • Talk to either use two words.
  • Know the 2-4 colors.
  • The name, age and place.
  • Draw a straight line.
  • Play with a friend.
  • Remove the clothes themselves.
  • Wearing your own shoes.

Advice for parents and caregivers:
  • Teach dress himself.
  • Invite see picture book.
  • Read the story of a child.
  • Teach eat at her own plate.
  • Teach hand washing.
  • Teach and small bowel in place.

Warning signs to watch out for:
  • Loss of interest to play.
  • Frequent falls
  • Difficulty to play small objects.
  • Can not understand some simple messages.
  • Not being able to talk using a few words.
  • No appetite.

At the age of 3-5 YEARS
Five years of age, a child should be able to:
  • Skipping one leg, dancing, and walking straight.
  • Draw the three parts (head, body, hands / feet).
  • Draw a cross and a circle.
  • Catch a small ball with both hands.
  • Answer questions with the correct words.
  • Calling numbers, counting fingers.
  • The speech is easily understood.
  • Dress own unassisted.
  • buttoning clothes or doll clothes.
  • Brushing teeth without help to move in a coordinated fashion.

Advice for parents and caregivers:
  • Ask the children to tell what he was doing.
  • Listen to it when talking.
  • If he stutters, teach speak slowly.
  • Keep an eye on it to try new things.

Warning signs to watch out for:
  • Fear, anger or violence when playing with other children who can be a symptom of emotional problems and abuse.

At the age of 8 YEARS
A child should be able to:
  • Physical development is more stable and more stratified, when compared with under eight years of age.
  • Muscle increasingly muscular, increase motor skills.
  • The ability to understand and communicate various abstract concepts and complex idea began to develop.
  • The scope of the increasingly widespread attention, and he was able to focus on past, future or present.
  • The ability to study more widely, and he was able to read, write, and solve problems within the school.
  • Friends and association with the group is increasingly becoming important.
  • Interest for friendship including enjoying time with he and his group as well as referring to the group for information.
  • The ability to control himself increased, and understand emotional problems more complex increase as well.

Advice for parents and caregivers:
  • Being a good role model for girls and boys.
  • Encourage the child to be able to express its feelings and beliefs as well as the ability to solve problems.
  • Know and support the child's strengths, skills as well as their limitations.
  • Spend time with children to talk, talk and listen to the child.
  • Develop activities that can be done with the child, which can cause children to feel successful, safe and cherished.
  • Support and facilitate the child's time playing with teman2nya, or in extra curricular activities.
  • Respect and encourage positive behavior and to make clear and consistent rules.
  • Show an interest and get involved in your child's school - remember that the father and mother and caregivers are the first teachers and the principal.

Warning signs to watch out for:
  • The difficulty of finding and keeping friends, and it is difficult to participate in group activities.
  • Avoiding tasks and challenges without effort, and showed symptoms of resignation.
  • It is difficult to convey the needs, thoughts and feelings.
  • It is difficult to focus on tasks, understanding and completing schoolwork.
  • The attitude against excessive, or embarrassment to friends and family.
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