Children learn about how to behave (socially and emotionally) by imitating the behavior of those closest to them.
By observing and imitating others, children learn how to get along. They learn about the various behaviors that are acceptable and not acceptable. Various examples were given adult, sister, and another son is a strong influence in shaping the child's behavior and personality.
One way children learn is to imitate a variety of things that other people do. If men and women are not treated equally, the child will observe, learn and maybe emulate this behavior. If adults shout, be harsh, discriminate, children will learn this type of behavior. If adults treat others with courtesy, respect and patience, children will follow their example. If mothers and fathers treat each other with compassion and respect, then this is what will the child learn and will repeat the same thing when they are adults.
Children like to pretend. It also should be encouraged, because from here will develop the creativity and imagination of children. This will be very helpful going children to understand the way people behave.
Entering primary school on time is very important for the survival of the child's development. Support parents, or caregivers, teachers and the community is very important.
Almost in every country, children begin to enter primary school around the age of six or seven years. Started going to school is important for children's development. Girls and boys should start school at the right age (in accordance with government policy). By the time they enter school, they must have basic knowledge, language skills and social competence and emotional development enough so that they can enjoy the process of learning in a formal school environment.
Support both parents or caretakers is critical to the success of the transition to school. Both parents and caregivers should provide full support and equal for boys and girls so that children can attend school regularly and well prepared. They also have to be involved in many school activities. This will greatly help the child to be able to get used to the school situation, adjust quickly in the school environment and attend school regularly.
Teachers must be prepared to help children who are still at the stage of development potential is basically to learn. Teachers have a key role in building confidence boys and girls so that they can come together to enjoy and succeed in learning. Playing still remains the basic methods for teaching and learning in the early years of school.
Child Friendly Schools, which supports an active learning process and encourage the participation of children, is the best learning environment for children.
Together with families and schools, the community - both local authorities and civil society, can help:
• making the school as a priority for the community.
• ensure that the school is a safe place and is open to all children.
• ensure that the school has a variety of resources needed, as citizens who are involved in school management as well as associations of parents and teachers.
All children grow and develop in similar patterns, but each child develops according to his ability. Each child has his own interests, his own temperament, and how to interact socially as well as a distinctive approach to learning.
Understanding the child's age and stage of development will help parents to understand the changes that are expected by the time the child grows and develops (see the following chart below). Parents or caregivers should be able to seek help if a child does not develop as expected.
By observing how the child reacts to touch, sound and light, parents can recognize the characteristics of various possible developmental problems or disabilities. If a child is developing slowly, parents or caregivers can help by spending more time with children, playing and talking to children as well as massaging the child's body.
If the child did not respond to attention and stimulation, so parents and caregivers should ask for help to health workers trained. Providing help to soon become very important. Parents and caregivers should encourage the child's abilities most likely developments.
Girls or boys with disabilities requiring special love and protection. The children need attention, care, and other assistance as required by other children: birth certificate, breastfeeding, immunizations, nutritious food, and protection from violence and inappropriate treatment. Like all other children, children with disabilities should be encouraged to play and get along with other children.
A child who is unhappy or experiencing emotional difficulties, will reveal some unusual behavior, such as:
• suddenly became very emotional, sad, unfriendly, lazy or unwilling to help.
• Continually seek attention and behave problematic.
• Frequent crying.
• Difficulty sleeping.
• Being rude to other children.
• Sitting alone, instead of playing with friends or other family members.
• sudden loss of interest in usual activities or school work.
• Loss of appetite.
The child's parents or guardians are encouraged to talk and willing to listen to children. If problems arise, immediately ask a trained health worker or teacher.
Children who have a mental or emotional difficulties or has ever been abused need counseling or mental health services. The child must be examined to establish treatment or assistance he needs.
Not all children grow and develop at the same speed. The slow progress is probably the most normal or may be due to not enough nutrition, poor health, lack of stimulation or a more serious problem. Parents should discuss their child's progress with a trained health worker or a teacher.