Protect Maternal, Baby from Hazardous Environments

The first message, Smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages, Narcotics Psychotropic and Addictive Substances (drugs), toxins, and other contaminants harmful to pregnant women, the developing fetus, infants and children.

If a pregnant woman smokes, the baby tended born with low weight. Besides his son will experience coughing, fever, pneumonia or other respiratory disorders.

Pregnant women can damage their own health and the health of her fetus if he was drinking alcohol and using drugs. Existing materials on alcohol and drugs can impair physical and mental development of children. Because it is so pregnant mothers planned or suspected pregnancy, she should immediately stop drinking alcoholic beverages and no longer using drugs. However, if it turns out mom is difficult to stop, he should immediately seek medical help and advice from trained health workers, or from health centers or community organizations engaged in the prevention of illicit drugs.

Pregnant women should not take medication during pregnancy, except in a state of force and prescribed by a health worker.

To ensure the physical growth and mental development of the child, every woman of childbearing age, pregnant women, mothers and children must be protected from cigarette smoke, and the smoke kitchen when cooking, smoke pesticides or other toxins, and other pollutants such as lead in water piped, or vehicle exhaust as well as in the paint.

Families and communities can help pregnant women, mothers and their children, by providing a smoke free environment so they do not become passive smokers who harm them.

Workplaces should protect mothers of childbearing age, pregnant women and all mothers against exposure to noxious fumes, toxins and pollutants which can damage their health and their children.

Second message, Violence against women is a serious public health problem in almost every community. For a pregnant woman, the violence would be very dangerous for both women and pregnancy. Violence may increase the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, and giving birth to a low birth weight.

Violence and drug abuse is a thing that can never be accepted. Mothers who abuse drugs may suffer from premature delivery or even lost her baby. Babies can be born with low birth weight that could affect the health and survival.

Health care workers, families and communities must be alert to these dangers, provide protection, and work to prevent and eliminate violence against women. Local officials, with the support of various organizations and community leaders have a responsibility to: (1) take steps to prevent violence against women and challenge social norms that can increase the risk of violence and abuse against women. (2) implement laws that protect women from violence and abuse (3) to provide protection and support services for women experiencing violence and abuse.

The third message, In the workplace, pregnant women and nursing mothers should be protected from discrimination and exposure to health risks and granted time to breastfeed or milking them. They are entitled to maternity leave, employment protection, medical benefits, and if possible assistance in cash.

In 2006, worldwide almost 60% of women of childbearing age is worker. Many women work in the informal sector, which her work is not noted, is not regulated or protected by the government. Against women formal and informal sector workers, it is important to prepare preventive measures must be implemented by the government, with the support of the community to maintain the health and economic security of women, children and families.

Protective measures include: 

Maternity leave: Capital have the right to rest in childbirth, various ways and means to help themselves and their families, and there is no guarantee that she can return to work when her leave is over.

Protection work (Employment protection): This is a guarantee that pregnant women and new mothers giving birth will not get discriminated against and lose rights in their work (pension, paid vacation leave, etc.), because of pregnancy, maternity leave, or leave at the time delivery.

Funding and health insurance: Pregnant women who work, mothers and newborns and their families, generally require financial assistance and health insurance. A grant is money replacement of revenue lost due to pregnancy, childbirth, and for newborn care. Health insurance is needed by pregnant women, new mothers and newborns to get the service of pregnancy, after birth, and hospital services, if needed.

Health protection: pregnant women or mothers who are taking care of the baby is not obliged to do work that can interfere with health or her baby. Whenever there is a risk, should be changed working conditions to reduce health risks. He must immediately move back if it is healthy enough to work, or can be given tasks in accordance with the conditions with the same pay.

Breastfeeding: Mothers have the right to breastfeed their babies after returning to work, since breastfeeding provides substantial advantages for the health of both mother and baby. The mother also has the right to rest one or two times, or reduce working hours to breastfeed but his salary did not need to be reduced.

The fourth message, Every woman is entitled to quality health care, especially pregnant women and new mothers maternity. Every health worker should have the technical competence and sensitive to local customs and should treat all women, including girls with respect.

Many dangers of pregnancy and childbirth could be prevented if women can obtain quality health care during pregnancy, childbirth or after childbirth.

All women are entitled to the services of a trained delivery assistance providers such as doctors, nurses, or midwives, and getting emergency care in case of complications. Quality health care that provide information and counseling services allow each women and men to make decisions on the basis of correct information about reproductive health. Women who require health care should be supported by her husband, and her family to get care for herself and her baby and to be able to come to the health facility if needed, including prenatal care, childbirth, after childbirth, as well as emergency care.

Government with the help of the community should keep health care costs not prevent women, including adolescent daughter to use the service. Other barriers such as transportation costs, long distances, poor road conditions, as well as local customs care should be taken to ensure access to health services.

Health workers should always be supported by regular training periodically to maintain and improve technical capabilities and communication. The goal is that they can provide quality health care. They should be trained to treat all women with respect, be sensitive to local culture and customs, as well as respecting the confidentiality and privacy of individuals. They also must be sensitive and understand the needs of adolescents, and know how to help and counsel them in caring for themselves and their babies.

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