ORS, Special Drink solution for Diarrhea

What is ORS? ORS is a special combination of salt mixed with water. Its function is to help replace fluids lost through diarrhea.

When to ORS use?

If children defecate up to three times or more a day, give ORS. In addition to 10-14 days give to children over six months and 20 milligrams of zinc per day (tablet or syrup), give to children under six months of 10 milligrams per day (tablet or syrup).

Where ORS be obtained? The health center, village health posts, health care provider, pharmacies, drug stores.

How to prepare ORS to drink?
  • Hand washing and water flows. Prepare one (one) glass of water (200 cc). Or follow the rules of use in packaging.
  • Pour the package contents ORS into the water that has been prepared.
  • Mix well and give to the children with a clean cup.

How much ORS given?

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Drinks to as many children as possible. Children under the age of two years requires a quarter to one-half cup of ORS (125 ml) after every defecation liquid. Children over the age of two years need ORS half to one cup (250 ml) each finished Chapter liquid.

In the case of mild-moderate diarrhea-weight, can be used the following references:

For patients with mild dehydration can still drink:
  • Do rehydration with ORS 75 ml / kg, given in four hours
  • During this period of continued breastfeeding. For infants less than six months and not breastfed, also give 100-200 ml cooking water
  • After 3-4 hours, to be interspersed with feeding

For patients with severe dehydration which can no longer drink. For children aged less than 12 months:
  • The first hour of 15 ml / kg Weight
  • Five hours later 60 ml / kg For children over the age of 12 months:
  • The first half hour of 15 ml / kg
  • Three and a half hours later 60 ml / kg
  • For patients with severe dehydration

Rehydration is done by administering intravenous fluids Darrow glucose solution. For children aged less than 12 months:
  • The first hour 20 ml / kg
  • Five hours later 80 ml / kg For children over the age of 12 months:
  • The first hour 20 ml / kg
  • Three and a half hours later 80 ml / kg

After four hours for a large child or a baby six hours to do the revaluation. When it has recovered rehydration, intravenous fluids followed 100 ml / kg / 18 hours, or for the big kid in 20 hours.

What to do if no ORS?

Give the child a drink made from six teaspoons of sugar and half a teaspoon of salt dissolved in a glass of water.

Be careful mixing in the right dosage. Too much salt can be harmful to children.

Mix made with more water than one liter no harm.

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