Children aged 0-6 months, only need breast milk as their main food and beverages. From the age of six months, infants need other foods in addition to breast milk extra to ensure optimal growth and development. In the first six months of age, when babies are in the most vulnerable conditions, exclusive breastfeeding will greatly help prevent diarrhea and other infectious diseases, as well as providing the best start for his own life.
From the age of six months, children require additional food and other drinks in addition to breast milk. This will give you energy, protein, and other nutrients necessary to support growth and development.
Various types of food, vegetables and fruits, meat, poultry, fish and eggs will help meet the nutritional needs of children. Breastfeeding until the age of two years or more will help provide various sources of essential nutrients that can ward off disease.
If food is pulverized, mushy, and the late introduction of solid foods to children, the child will not get the intake of various nutrients needed. This will slow down the growth and development of children.
When introducing solid foods, preferably beginning with creamed foods, and soft, and gradually turned to the kind of food the family. The more variety of healthy foods is given, the diet of children getting into a nutritious and well-balanced menu.
Consistency and diversity of foods must be adapted to the needs of children and the ability to feed the child. From the age of six months, children can enjoy the food pulverized, such as porridge or soup is thick. At the age of eight months, almost all children are able to eat their own snacks that can be eaten alone by the child. At the age of 12 months, almost all children are able to eat the kind of food that are similar to other family members.
Parents and caregivers should be prevented for not doing feeding that can cause choking, such as the type of food nuts, grapes and raw carrots and other foods that have a certain shape that can later be stuck in the throat.
May be difficult to meet the nutritional needs of children without food derived from animals. It thus becomes important to give children a variety of fortified foods (given micronutrients) or various vitamin and mineral supplements, in the form of powders, syrups and various tablets. Trained health workers can give advice to parents or caregivers about the type of highly nutritious foods or supplements that may be consumed.
Here are some types of nutritious foods that can be eaten by children (aged over six months):
- Staple foods, including grains (rice, wheat, maize), tubers (cassava, potatoes, yams) fruit (bananas, breadfruit).
- high protein foods such as beef, mutton, buffalo meat, poultry, fish, liver and eggs (may be given as often as possible).
- Processed products such as cheese and yogurt. All of this is good food for children aged 7-12 months. And this option is better than fresh milk is harder to digest child.
- green vegetables and orange leaves, such as spinach, broccoli, carrots, turnips, pumpkin and sweet potato (contains vitamin).
- Nuts, such as peanuts, green beans, peas, soybeans, red beans and their processed products such as tofu and tempeh (to enrich the types of food and provide protein, energy, and iron).
- The oil, especially vegetable oil, soybean oil, red palm oil, butter or margarine.
- Grains, including peanuts, various other types of nuts, pumpkin, sunflower, melon seeds or sesame seeds (for power and contains some vitamins).
It is difficult to meet all the nutritional needs of children when given only vegetables alone. This is mainly due to food derived from animals provide the main nutrients such as iron.
Children who eat vegetables only need extra nutrition in the form of various vitamin tablets or a variety of nutrient-rich food supplement.
Iron from foods such as vegetables are generally difficult to digest properly by the body. Nevertheless foods such as nuts contain more iron. Iron will be easier to digest if eaten with foods rich in vitamin C, such as oranges, limes and other fruit as well as