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Nutrition and The Effect for Child Growth

Each year more than one third of child deaths in the world related to the problem of malnutrition, which can weaken the body's resistance to disease. Mothers who are malnourished during pregnancy, or children are malnourished in the first 2 years of age, growth and physical and mental development will be slow. It can not be corrected by the time the child gets older - and will affect a child throughout his life.

Malnutrition occurs when the body does not obtain the amount of energy, protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals and other nutrients in sufficient quantities needed to maintain organs and tissues remain healthy and functioning properly. A child or adult may suffer from a deficiency or excess nutrients.

Most problems that occur in the world of nutrition is the main cause of malnutrition from lack of food. The main cause of lack of food, especially in children and mothers, are (1) poverty, (2) no food, (3) recurrent pain, (4) the habit of feeding practices were less precise, (5) lack of care and cleanliness , Lack of food, increase the risk of malnutrition, which is the biggest risk for children first 2 years. Risk increases when diarrhea and other diseases further reducing the intake of protein, minerals and other nutrients your child needs to stay healthy.

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When a household does not have enough food and live in an environment that allows diarrhea, as well as various other diseases are common, children are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition. By the time a child got sick, they lose energy and various other nutrients rapidly and caused their lives to be more at risk than adults.

Nutrition occurs when people are overweight or obese. This can lead to diabetes in childhood. Even when they are adults at risk of heart disease and other ailments. Quite often afflicts children who consume lots of foods that are very high calorie content, but lack other essential nutritional content. It pertained to sugary drinks, fried foods, and solids. In this case, improving the quality of child's daily menu to be very important in addition to improving physical activity as well. Children who suffer from chronic diseases such as HIV are more susceptible to malnutrition. Their bodies are hard to absorb vitamins, iron and other nutrients. Children who suffer from disabilities may require special attention to get the nutrients they need.

All girls and boys have the right to protection and attention. Therefore the mother, father or caregiver jointly ensure that their children get a good meal by providing healthy menu.

What should be known by the family and the community about NUTRITION AND GROWTH

A child should grow and gain weight rapidly. From birth until the age of two, children should be weighed regularly to determine growth. If regular weighing results note that the child does not gain weight, or both of their parents or guardians to see that their children do not grow, then they should be suspicious that something was wrong. children need to be checked by a trained health worker.

Children aged 0- 6 months, only need breast milk as their main food and beverages. From the age of six months, infants need other foods in addition to breast milk extra to ensure optimal growth and development.

In addition to breast milk, infants aged 6-8 months needs to be given additional food such as creamed foods as much as two to three times a day, and from the age of nine months as many as three to four times a day. They need to be given one or two times a snack, such as fruit, bread or pastry, depending on the tastes of children. At first, the baby was given eat, in small amounts at first, and gradually increased in accordance with the type and number of infant growth.

Mealtime is a time to learn, love, love and interact to increase the growth and development of the physical, social, and emotional child. Both parents, or caregivers need to talk with the child during the meal, and feed and treat boys and girls equally and patiently.

Children need vitamin A to help resist illness, protect their eyesight and reduce the risk of death. Vitamin A is found in many types of fruits and vegetables, red palm oil, eggs, foods made from milk, liver, fish, meat, and a variety of fortified foods and breast milk. High doses of vitamin A supplements can be given every six months to children aged six months to five years.

Children need foods rich in iron to protect the child's physical and mental abilities and to prevent anemia. Source of iron is best derived from animals, such as liver, lean meat, and fish. Other sources of iron are foods fortified with iron and iron supplements.

Iodine for pregnant women and children is very important for brain development. Iodine is essential to prevent a reduction in IQ, and developmental delays. Using iodized salt instead of regular salt, means helping provide iodine for pregnant women and children as much as they need.

In line with the increasing intake of foods and beverages, increasing the risk of diarrhea. Food contaminated with germs is a major cause of diarrhea and other diseases that can then lead children to lose nutrients and energy needed for growth and development. Good hygiene, safe water and proper handling of the way the preparation and storage of food is important to prevent the disease.

When children fall ill, they need additional fluids and encouragement to eat regularly, and more often breast-fed. Once cured, the child should be given more food than usual to restore energy and nutrients lost due to illness.

Children who are skinny and or swelling in both legs (edema) require special treatment. They should be taken to a trained health worker or brought to the health facility for assessment and treatment.
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