Iodine for pregnant women and children is very important for brain development. Iodine is essential to prevent a reduction in IQ, and developmental delays. Using iodized salt instead of regular salt, means helping provide iodine for pregnant women and children as much as they need.
Little iodine alone is urgently needed for the growth and development of children. If a woman does not consume adequate amounts of iodine during pregnancy, there is a possibility of the baby being born with mental disabilities, and also hearing-impaired or speech disabilities.
Children who do not get sufficient amounts of iodine in childhood, can be slowed mental development, physical or intelligence. Even moderate amounts of iodine deficiency alone can reduce learning ability and lower intellectual abilities.
Mumps, an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, can cause swelling of the neck and is a symptom of iodine deficiency. Iodine deficiency in early pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.
The use of iodized salt instead of regular table salt to help women and children get adequate iodine they need. Iodized salt is safe for consumption by the entire family, and the only salt needed for cooking purposes. Families must be persuaded to use only iodized salt of good quality - packaged and labeled to contain iodine. Mothers should always ensure that they only consume iodized salt. Mom and dad need to be sure that the salt they consume, is iodized salt.
Beware of diarrhea
In line with the increasing intake of foods and beverages, increasing the risk of diarrhea. Food contaminated with germs is a major cause of diarrhea and other diseases that can then lead children to lose nutrients and energy needed for growth and development. Good hygiene, safe water and proper handling of the way the preparation and storage of food is important to prevent the disease.
By the time the child grows and becomes very agile move, they put all sorts of things into his mouth. They are easily exposed to germs, as they explore the world around him. Because it is very important for parents and caregivers to practice clean living habits, such as washing hands with soap. They also need to prepare food properly, use water and keep the cleanliness of the environment. This habit is important to prevent diarrhea and other diseases and protect the health of children.
The food should be consumed immediately after completion prepared, and the leftovers are stored securely. Clean eating utensils should be used for preparing and serving food. Children must be fed by using the glasses and bowls clean. Avoid the use of bottles and pacifiers, because it is difficult to clean.
Five key ways keep food safe, are: (1) Keep, (2) Separate raw food and cooked, (3) Cook food thoroughly, (4) Keep the room the safe temperature, and (5) Wash raw food materials by using a clean and safe water.
Meet the needs of body fluids
When children fall ill, they need additional fluids and encouragement to eat regularly, and more often breast-fed. Once cured, the child should be given more food than usual to restore energy and nutrients lost due to illness.
When children fall ill such as diarrhea, measles or pneumonia, his appetite decreased. Children less effective body to process food. If the child fell ill several times a year, the pace of growth will stop or slow down.
Children who are sick need to be persuaded to want to eat. Maybe this will be difficult, because the sick child may not feel hungry. Parents or caregivers should keep offering foods preferred by children, little by little but often. Additional breastfeeding becomes very important, because breast milk can provide a variety of nutrients needed to cure the infection.
Sick children are also encouraged to drink as much as possible. Dehydration (lack of body fluids) is a serious problem for children with diarrhea. Drink as much fluid as possible will help prevent dehydration. If a child has diarrhea, then he should drink rehydration salts dissolved in water and taken with food and fluids to avoid dehydration.
Giving zinc tablet daily for 10-14 days to reduce the gravity of diarrhea. Children will not fully recover until the weight equal to the weight before he fell ill.
A child can die from persistent diarrhea, and if the child is not treated promptly. If diarrhea and loss of appetite persists a few days, the mother, father or caregiver should immediately consult a trained health worker.
Special care Malnourished
Children who are skinny and or swelling in both legs (edema) require special treatment. They should be taken to a trained health worker or brought to the health facility for assessment and treatment.
Poor nutritional intake, along with illness or infection can cause a child suffering from malnutrition is fatal in a short time. Such children require immediate treatment, as well as special food and medicine. The child should be immediately taken to the nearest health facility.
Malnourished children would look very thin. Maybe also some parts of his body swollen, usually the legs. A trained health workers will soon be able to recognize the symptoms of malnutrition by measuring weight and height, and use tape to measure the upper arm or check the swelling in his legs.
Treating malnourished children should be done by health workers. Treatment will depend on how severe the condition of the child's illness. Most children over six months of age, can be treated with some kind of special food called Ready to Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF). This kind of food that is ready to eat and contains all the nutrients for recovery of the child. RUTF is eaten, does not need to be mixed with water or other foods, and can be consumed safely anywhere.
Parents or caregivers should be given RUTF supplies for one week, and given information on how to care for malnourished children. Information about the treatment needs to be given as well as a complement of the treatment. Children must be consulted to health workers every week to examine the progress of his recovery.
More intensive treatment should be given to children who can not eat RUTF, have other health problems, or are still under the age of six months. In this case the child should be referred to the hospital, or other health facilities that can provide 24-hour care, governance malnourished children, and support facilities for breastfeeding.
Children who suffer from malnutrition easier cold compared with healthy children, so they should be kept warm. skin contact between the child and the mother or caregiver can help keep children warm. Mother and child should be covered, and covered the child's head.
Although the children were suffering from malnutrition need special nutritional treatment, breast milk remains an important source of nutrition and protection against illness. Furthermore, although children get special treatment (either at home or in a health facility) children who are breastfeeding should continue to breastfeed.