Child development keep pace with changes in line with the growth and development of children associated with physical health, mental readiness, emotional stability, social ability and readiness to learn.
The lives of children, under the age of five years is a very important part. Age is a foundation that is shaping the future of health, happiness, growth, development and learning outcomes of children in school, family, society and life in general.
Cutting-edge research, reveals that up to the age of five years is very important for brain development, while the age for up to three years is very important for the formation of the brain. Various childhood experience became the basis for the development of the organization and functioning of the brain throughout life. This will give effect to how children develop learning skills, social skills or emotional. Children have the ability to learn faster than the ability at any other age. Children need love and care to cultivate a sense of security and trust that eventually evolved into confidence as they grow.
Infants and children will grow, learn and develop quickly if they receive affection, love, attention, encouragement and mental stimulation in addition to nutritious meals and good health care.
In many situations, early childhood programs, help parents and their children from infancy until the age of eight years, which includes the important transition from home to school environment.
All children have the right to be raised in a family that has access to quality health care, good nutrition, education, play activities, and protection against, harassment and discrimination. Children have the right to grow up in an environment where they can achieve the full potential in life.
It is the duty of parents, caregivers and every member of the family, community, civil society and the government to ensure that these rights are respected, protected and fulfilled.
An early age, especially the first three years of age, a period which is very important for the formation of the baby's brain. Everything he saw, touch, taste, smell or hear affects how the brain thinking, feeling, moving and learning.
A child's brain develops rapidly up to the age of five, especially the first 3 years of age. The period is the rapid development of the ability of recognition, language, social, emotional and motion. For example, a child learns to know a lot of words from the age of 15-18 months. This rapid language learning takes place through pre-school age.
Child's brain grows in line with what he sees, feel, taste, smell or hear. Every time the child uses one of these senses, it will be there grew a relationship nerves in the brain of the child. New experiences are repeatedly will foster new relationships, which will shape the way children think, feel, behave and learn in the present and the future.
A close relationship between caregiver and child, the best way to foster the growth of a child's brain. If a caregiver to play and sing, speak, read or told fairy tales to children, fed with healthy food, love and affection, the child's brain will grow.
Being healthy, interacting with caregivers and living in a healthy and safe environment, will pose a huge difference for children's growth, development and future potential.
Babies require a lot of care and affection in the early years. Holding, hugging, and talking to the baby will stimulate brain growth and improve emotional development. Always close to the mother, and breastfeeding when the baby needs, will give a sense of security to children. Babies breastfed for the nutritional needs and comfort.
For children, crying is a form of communication. Provide a response to the baby's crying by holding or saying with meek will foster a sense of trust and security to the baby.
Early attachment to the mother, father or caregiver will help a child to develop extensive capabilities to use and build throughout his life, and this includes the ability to:
- Believe in yourself and have high self-esteem.
- Have a positive social skills.
- Have a successful relationship in adulthood.
- Develop empathy.
At the time of a child's brain develops, so too is growing with real emotions and very strong. The child can turn into a frustrating, if they can not do something or can not have something they want. They often become afraid of the new, a new situation or darkness. Children were ridiculed because of the reaction, or get a penalty, or ignore them will grow up to be shy and unable to express their emotions appropriately. If a caregiver is a patient and sympathetic when a child expresses strong feelings, then the child will tend to grow with a happy, safe and harmonious.
Boys and girls have the same needs physically, mentally, emotionally and socially. Both have the same ability to learn. Both have the same needs for attention, love and approval.
Children will experience severe stress, if they are to be punished physically, and emotionally, or if they are exposed to violence, or ignore / are abandoned, or if they live with family mental illness, such as depression or drug use. This stress will interfere with brain development and can cause growth retardation knowledge, social, and emotional and behavioral problems of children in childhood and adult throughout his life.
Children who get punishment both physically and mentally, when angry, then they tend to be rough as well.
Child Development and Early Childhood Learning
Some positive and effective way to address the child's behavior, include:
- Provide a clear explanation to the children about what can be done and what should not be done.
- Provide a consistent response to certain behaviors.
- Give praise for good behavior.
Various responses of parents and caregivers, will encourage children to become members of the family and community productive and able to adjust well.
Both parents, as well as family members need to be involved in the care and nurturing the growth, learning and development of children. They should make the boys and girls feel treated equally when they encourage children to learn and explore, this is an important preparation towards the school.
Mother in the whole world, usually taking a leading role to fulfill the rights and needs of children. They love, feed, entertain, teach, play and care for their children.
The role of a father is as important as the mother's role in comforting, caring for and protecting the rights of their children. A father must make girls and boys they feel equally important. Just as also a mother, then the father can meet the child's needs for affection, approval, encouragement, and stimulation. Together the father and mother can guarantee that the children will receive an education, good nutrition and health care are the same.