An HIV-infected mothers are at risk of transmitting the infection to her child through breastfeeding. Infants aged 0-6 months has a much greater risk if given breast milk, other liquids and foods, compared with babies given only breast milk alone. It is therefore recommended, infants receive only breast milk during the first 6 months, unless the provision of breast milk substitutes (formula) is seen as acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable and safe.
HIV testing, treatment, counseling pregnant women and new mothers who suspected they were infected with HIV should consult a trained health workers on how to reduce the risk of passing to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding. They also had to get consultation and support on how to get treatment and care for themselves.
Trained health workers can provide information about antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is one type of a group of drugs for those infected with HIV to HIV-positive mothers. HAART can reduce the risk of transfer of HIV from mother to child while still maintaining the health of the mother. All health workers should know if HIV testing and antiretroviral therapy is available or not at the local health center or hospital. Health workers should provide information about these and other various types of services related to the matter to pregnant women and new mothers.
Learn a variety of risks and choose which ones to do.
A mother who turned out to be HIV positive, should be given counseling and complete information to help it decide a wide selection of the best food for the baby and the most he could do. HIV positive mothers should know that:
- By giving only breast milk during the first 6 months, he has reduced the risk of the baby from various diseases, nutrition, one or died.
- Using breast milk substitutes, such as infant formula only, then he has to avoid the baby from the risk of contracting HIV through breastfeeding
- By shorten the duration of breastfeeding can reduce the risk of transmission of infection to the child ..
The best food choices for children of HIV-positive mothers, depending on individual circumstances. Mothers should consider various risks after a discussion with a trained health worker. HIV-positive mothers, are entitled to:
- The information that he needs in order to make informed decisions.
- All the services and support necessary to implement the decisions he took.
Some food options Kids
The first six months:
Feed the baby with breast milk substitutes (formula) should take into account, some of the things that is, acceptable, affordable, feasible, sustainable, and safe for both mother and child. If all these conditions are met, the baby can be fed only with breast milk substitutes, during the first six months, without the need for additional food or breast milk itself. This will eliminate the risk of transmitting HIV to their infants through breastfeeding.
- HIV-positive mother has decided to breastfeed, she should breastfeed exclusively, without having to add the other liquid, milk or other foods during the first six months. Exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months can reduce the baby's risk of HIV infection compared to giving a mixture of breast milk with other foods and beverages.
- Combined feeding between breast milk and other foods not only increase the risk of HIV transmission to infants in the first 6 months, but also cause a variety of diseases, such as diarrhea, pneumonia, malnutrition and increased risk of death wrong.
After 6 months:
- All children should be introduced to a variety of other foods to meet the growing needs of their nutrition.
- Mothers who had been breast-feeding her baby in the first six months, should continue giving her milk accompanied by other foods, unless they are forced to provide food substitutes such as infant formula, other milk and a variety of food. Once the nutritional needs are met safely with food and drink other than breast milk, then all the activities of breastfeeding should be discontinued.
Other important information
During counseling, pregnant women or new mothers who are infected with HIV, can be helped to determine whether she will be able to provide food that is safe and nutritious enough without having to give milk. This study is not enough to do one time only, for example, before the baby is born, but also carried out during the period of breastfeeding with the support of trained health workers.
Mothers who believe could provide a milk substitute with sufficient quality, accurate, and hygienic and prepared using clean water, he can stop breast-feeding her and immediately start using breast milk substitutes.
Trained health workers should provide information to mothers and fathers, about the safety instructions and practice how to prepare a clean milk substitute.
A new mother who does not know her HIV status, must give their babies breast milk exclusively for the first 6 months. Continued breastfeeding until the baby is two years old or more while still giving other nutritious foods and beverages. Children who are already infected with HIV must still be given breast milk so that they can get the benefits of breastfeeding.