Muslim Prayer Times in Islam

In Islamic religion, five prayer times for muslim which have their own times, which has beginning so as not valid if an prayer have done before his times, and muslim prayer times has a deadline so it should not be done afterwards. About muslim prayer times, Allah the Exalted says :
Surely prayer is a timed ordinance for the believers. ( an-Nisa’: 103).

Of the many hadiths that explain about the times of each prayer for muslim as follows:

Shubuh or Dawn prayer time

Dawn or shubuh prayer time begins from when appeared Dawn Sadiq, and lasts until sunrise. The Prophet SAW said :

 وَقْتُ صَلاَةِ الصُّبْحِ مِنْ طُلُوْعِ الْفَجْرِ مَالَمْ تَطْلُعِ الشَّمْسُ

Morning prayer time [shubuh/dawn prayer] is from dawn ( and lasts ) while the sun had not yet risen

Dzuhur prayer time

Dzuhur time begins with leaning the sun from mid - sky to the west that they call Zawal time- where people can see the short shadows that begin lengthen to eastward - which they call Zawal shadows.

And this Dzuhur prayer time lasted until the long of shadows from something is the same as with it, plus the Zawal shadows which is a sign of the start of the Dzuhur prayer time. Muslim narrated that the Prophet SAW said :

وَقْتُ الظُّهْرِ اِذَا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ، وَكَانَ  ظِلُّا لرَّجُلِكَ طُوْلِهِ ٬مَالَمْ يَحْضُرِ الْعَصْرُ

Zhuhur time is when the sun has been skewed , and ( lasted until  ) the shadow of a person throughout his body, while the time ' Asr has not arrived .

Asr prayer time

Time for Asr prayer started to go to the end of Dzuhur prayer time, and lasts until sundown. This is indicated by the words of the Prophet SAW :

وَمَنْ اَدْرَكَ رَكْعَةً مِنَ الْعَصْرِ قَبْلَ اَنْ تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَقَدْ اَدْرَكَ الْعَصْرَ

Whoever can catch the cycles of Asr prayer before sunset, then it means he has been able to pursue Asr prayer entirely. (Transmitted by al-Bukhari: 554, and Muslim: 608).

However, to gain endeavor time ( freely ), do not let people use the Asr prayer time until the time goes beyond the shadow of something along doubled, plus the Zawal shadows. Due to the hadith of the above-mentioned time, and also because the Prophet said:

 وَوَقْتُ الْعَصْرِمَالَمْ تَصْفَرَّ الشَّمْسُ

And Asr time is while the sun is not yellow. (Transmitted by Muslim : 612 ) .

Maghrib or sunset prayer time

Maghrib prayer time begins with disappear of the sun, and lasts until the disappearance of the red cloud without leaving a trace again in the west. And red cloud ( ash-Syafaqul ahmar ) which is meant the remnants of the sunlight that appear on the east horizon when the setting of the sun, which in turn expelled by the darkness so lost little by little.

And when the darkness had covered all directions, including west horizon, and the rest of the red cloud was gone again, then that means Maghrib prayer time has expired, and the time of Isha prayer started to go. This is indicated by the hadeeth about time, in addition to the following words of the Prophet Muhammad:

 وَقْتُ الْمَغْرِبِ مَالَمْ يَغِبِ الشَّفَقُ

Maghrib prayer time is while the red cloud has not disappeared . (Transmitted by Muslim : 612 ) .

Isha prayer time

Isha' prayer time begin with the end time of Maghrib prayer, and ongoing until the true dawn. But the free time ( effort ), ought not to go beyond the first third of the night. As is the true dawn is scattered of the light along the eastern horizon, which is a reflection of the sunlight that comes from far away.

Furthermore, this light chain the sky little by little, until finally fulfill with the rising sun. As for the argument of the Isha prayer time, both the begins, termination, or free time, is information that contained in the hadith of the time, and other hadith narrated by Muslim ( 681 ) and others, from Abu Qatadah RA that the Prophet SAW said:

 اَمَّا اِنَّهُ لَيْسَ فِى النَّوْمِ تَفْرِيْطٌ،  اِنَّمَاالتَّفْرِيطُ عَلَى مَنْ لَمْ يُصَلِّا لصَّلاةَ حَتَّى يَجِئَ وَقْتُ الصَّلاةِ الاُخْرَى

As they has committed no negligence in his sleep. Negligence only do people who do not pray that come next prayer time. This hadith shows that the prayer time is not yet come out except with the inclusion of the next prayer time. And from these general statements, the morning prayer time [shubuh prayer] is excluded.

That is the five-time prayers [fard prayer] for muslim in islamic religion. However, as a Muslim is not dully for the ended of prayer deliberately until the end of time, even reasoned that prayer time is quite extensive. Because it would probably lead the prayer was done outside of time, perhaps even disdain for this kind of that led to abandoned prayer altogether.

But it is more better and sunna if the prayer has be done immediately at the start time:

وَقَدْ سُئِلَ لنَّبِىُّ صَلَّى اﷲُعَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ اَفْضَلِ اْلاَعْمَالِ؟ فَقَالَ׃ الصَّلاةُ عَلَى وَقْتِهَا اَىْ عِنْدَ اَوَّلِ وَقْتِهَا

Surely the Prophet was asked about what the most important charity ? So he replied : " Prayers on time , " that is, at the beginning of time . (Transmitted by al - Bukhari : 504 , and Muslims : 85 ) .

And know that he who had done most prayers while there is still time, while the rest is made ​​out of time, so if it is done within a single complete cycles, meaning that prayer cash ( adaa' ), and if not, then it is means qadha '. The proposition is the hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhaari ( 554 ) and Muslim ( 608 ), from Abu Hurairah RA that the Prophet SAW said :

مَنْ اَدْرَكَ  مِنَ الصُّبْحِ رَكْعَةً قَبْلَ اَنْ تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ فَقَدْ اَدْرَكَ الصُّبْحَ، وَ مَنْ اَدْرَكَ رَكْعَةً مِنَ الْعَصْرِقَبْلَ اَنْ تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ فَقَدْ اَدْرَكَ الْعَصْرَ

Whoever was doing the cycles of the morning prayer [shubuh] before sunrise, it means that he could perform the morning prayer entirely. And whoever was doing the cycles of prayer Asr before sunset , it means that he had to pray Asr entirely .

And also the words of the Prophet :

 مَنْ اَدْرَكَ رَكْعَةً مِنَ الصَّلاةَ فَقَدْ اَدْرَكَ الصَّلاةَ

Whoever was doing the cycles of prayer, it means that he had prayed the whole . (Transmitted by al - Bukhari : 555 , and Muslim : 607 ) .

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